Chapter 19: Integrated Pest Management for Museum

Thomas Strang, Canadian Conservation Institute, Canadian Heritage; Jeremy Jacobs, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution; Rika Kigawa, Museum Science Division, Kyushu National Museum

Integrated pest management is a comprehensive approach to lowering the risk of pest harm to stored objects through a combination of effective activities and efficient passive elements. Whether items of a collection are constantly exposed to the elements or are completely protected inside a building, there are levels of control and choice of activities that will mitigate or eliminate the potential for damage from vertebrate, invertebrate and microbial pests.

First, guiding principles behind pest control measures for museum collections are provided as a framework for comprehension and management of pest problems in a resilient manner.  Secondly, a concise synopsis of the important pest organisms that harm collections and the items which are vulnerable to pest attack establishes an understanding of the risks pests pose to collection preservation. Thirdly, increasing the control of pests is presented as five cooperative activities:  avoid, block, detect, respond and recover.

Key words: integrated pest management, IPM, insect, rodent, mould, trapping, visual inspections, quarantine, cold, heat, hypercarbia, anoxia